Types of Bariatric Surgeries
It is tremendously important to be aware of all the types of procedures which you may have to face.
Some of them might be suitable for you, while others will be restricted. We will give you an overall view on the main weight-loss procedures, but the ultimate decision will of course remain with your doctor. Make sure he explains all the details and chooses the best option for you.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery
It is a restrictive type of surgery, which has been proven to have a reduced level for complications. A patient can lose around 60% of extra weight in a short period of time.
This type of procedure has many benefits and can be performed in almost all cases. First of all, it is a simple procedure and patients can be discharged after two nights in the hospital. A gastric sleeve also reduces hunger and lowers the number of consumed calories.
Another advantage is the fact that no foreign objects will be inserted into your stomach.
Gastric Bypass Surgery
This is the most popular type of bariatric surgery. An average weight loss is approximately 70%, while the complication rate is a bit higher than a gastric sleeve operation at approximately 2,25%.
It is quite a challenging procedure, which takes more time to complete. You must remember that you will need to take additional vitamins and minerals every day, because deficiencies may be experienced in the future.
On the other hand, the huge number of gastric bypass operations which have been performed has proven its efficiency and can be a model for future generations. It may reduce hunger and relieve heartburn. This type of surgery has proved the best results in treating associated diseases like diabetes.
Duodenal Switch Surgery
This type is a combination of gastric sleeve and gastric bypass surgery. It is quite a rare procedure due to its complexity and is usually conducted as a secondary surgery, when other methods fail.
This type of surgery has the highest rate of weight loss and can reach 90%! It is also a leader in the long-term weight loss statistics, as it reaches 95%. This type of procedure has also proved to be the best option for treating associated diseases.
The key disadvantages include a very strict nutritional programme and a complex three-step procedure.
While gastric Sleeve is a restrictive surgery, gastric bypass and duodenal switch procedures are both restrictive and malabsorptive.
Malabsorption means that due to part of the intestine being bypassed less calories are absorbed.
Each type of surgery or procedure has its advantages and disadvantages, so you should discuss all the options with your doctor and choose the most suitable for you.